Thursday, November 22, 2012

What is a Heart Attack and How to Avoid It

Image credit: Flickr GYLo
Heart attack is one of the major reasons of death nowadays. What is a heart attack? How it occurs? How can we get rid of it? There are many other questions which we tried to answer in this post. 
What is a Heart Attack?

A heart attack occurs when the flow of oxygen to a certain part of the heart is blocked; this is normally just a heart muscle. Since the oxygen is transferred through the blood, it means that the flow of blood to that part has been blocked by a clot which could be positioned in the veins.

Image credit: Flickr gandhiji40


In most cases, heart attacks can be identified by plain symptoms like short of breath and chest pains. In some cases, the pain could be very severe on the left arm or the upper part of the stomach. This is different from the usual abdominal pains that may be a result of some problem in the stomach as it is highly discomforting and painful. 

What to do in case of a heart attack?

When symptoms of a heart attack are observed, it is better to take swift action to save a life. In most cases, the problem easily leads to death because of delayed action. But as soon as it has been suspected there are two modes of treatment that can be taken. The first of the two involves introducing a drug that can dissolve the clot responsible for the blockage so that blood can continue flowing through the affected vein and deliver the oxygen to the heart muscle in question. But in the other method, a specialist doctor or heart surgeon can be called in to enlarge the cross sectional area of the vein to allow more fluid to flow so that the oxygen can reach the affected heart muscle.

How to avoid Heart Attack?

In order to prevent heart attacks there are several steps that can be taken. The first one involves looking at the kind of food you take. The food should have less fat but rich in leafy material and fiber. It is also encouraged that you avoid smoking and take regular exercise. Alcohol should also be avoided to reduce the risks of heart attacks. In the end, you need to make sure that you maintain your weight and you continue going for checkups so that you maintain a healthy heart all the time.

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